Over 2 billion people suffer from anaemia worldwide. Most vulnerable are children and women.
Iron is a necessary element required by all cells of our body as it provides oxygen to the entire body. Continuously low levels of iron lead to low red blood cells production (RBC) and ultimately anaemia. Anaemia is also characterized by a sudden loss of blood or lowered oxygen-carrying ability of the blood with severe iron deficiency.
Children below 2 years and mothers who are breastfeeding or pregnant are at higher risk of anaemia. Also growing children, especially between the age of 8 to 18 years are in the risk factors of anaemia and iron deficiency
Anaemia and iron deficiency can be prevented by proper diet and healthy lifestyle choices. Avoiding high-fat diets like Junk Foods, Fried Foods, Sweets and Snacks will help in maintaining healthy functioning of the body and proper formation of RBCs in the blood. An active lifestyle also plays a critical role.
Some foods high in iron content are:
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- Cereals - Ragi, Bajra, Amaranth (Rajgira), Quinoa, Oat Bran, Iron Fortified Cereals
- Pulses - Rajma, Soya Beans
- Vegetables - Beans, Dark green leafy vegetables like Spinach, Broccoli, Asparagus, Lettuce
- Non-Vegetarian - Organ Meats (like Liver), Red meat (like Mutton), Pork, Tuna, Shell-fish
- Other Foods- Dried Figs (Anjeer), Berries, Pomegranate, Prunes, Raisins, Garden Cress Seeds, Dates, Dried Apricots (khubani)